10 de julio de 2012

Relationship between clustering coefficient and the success of cooperation in networks

M. N. Kuperman, S. Risau-Gusman, Phys. Rev. E 86, 016104 (2012)

In recent years the prisoner’s dilemma has become a paradigm for the study of the emergence of cooperation in spatially structured populations. Such a structure is usually assumed to be given by a graph. In general, the success of cooperative strategies is associated with the possibility of forming globular clusters, which in turn depends on a feature of the network that is measured by its clustering coefficient. In this work we study the dependence of the success of cooperation on this coefficient for regular networks. Additionally, for both stochastic and deterministic dynamics we show that there is a strong dependence on the initial composition of the population. This hints at the existence of several different mechanisms that could promote or hinder cluster expansion. We have studied in detail some of these mechanisms by concentrating on completely ordered networks (large clustering coefficient) or completely random networks (vanishing clustering coefficient).